Racing for glory – Miles M2L Hawk Six
Tags: 'Miles cream', 000 mile course, 1, 100km closed circuit, 14th King's Cup Air Race, 1939, 1971, 1999, 200hp, air races, Air Show, aircraft, Aviation, bent propeller, Berkshire, Blossom Miles, BMI, Booker Aerodrome, Brazilian, British Airway, British Midland Airways, bubble canopy, Captain Roger Mills, Charles Phillips, Class C.16, Concorde, Concorde captain, County Durham, David Hood, De Havilland, Derby, Derby Airways, DH Gipsy Six engine, Easington, Elmdon, England, European air races, F G Miles, FAI, flaps, Flight Lieutenant Tommy Rose, forced landing, Frederick Miles, G-ADGP, G-ADOD, Gipsy Major engine, Gipsy Six 1F, Gipsy Six R, Goodyear Race, Great Vintage Flying Weekend, Grosvenor Challenge Cup, GVFWE, hanicappers, Herbert Miles, high-compression, Hullavington, Jack Powis, July 1972, June 1949, King's Cup, King's Cup Air Race, Leeds, Leicester, liaison aircraft, London-Isle of Man Air Race, Luis Fontes, M2E, M2U, Manx Air Derby, Maxine Miles, Miles, Miles Hawk Trainer III, Miles M2L Hawk Six, Miles Magister, oil pressure, Percival Vega Gull, Phillips & Powis, R R Paine, racing aircraft, RAF, Reading, retraction mechanism, Roger Mills, Ron Paine, Ronald Paine, Ronald Royal Paine, Royal Aero Club, Royal Aero Club Silver Medal, Royal Air Force, Ruth Fontes, Second World War, spatted undercarriage, streamlined, undercarriage damage, Vickers Wellington, wide-track undercarriage, Wiltshire, wing dihedral, Wolverhampton, Woodley, WW2
In the 1930s, Charles Phillips and Jack Powis formed Phillips & Powis Aircraft at Woodley, near Reading, Berkshire following a chance meeting with Frederick G. Miles, an up-and-coming aircraft designer. Miles joined the company, and so did his wife Blossom (Maxine) and his brother Herbert, and was soon turning out wooden touring, club and racing aircraft of startling efficiency and performance. The company always seemed able to design really competitive aircraft for the big European air races of the 1930s, the Miles M2L Hawk Six being quite a splendid example of this. The original design was derived from the Hawk Major, and was carefully streamlined. Despite the presence of a fixed, spatted undercarriage (Miles thought the extra weight of a retraction mechanism not worthwhile), it was a fearsome racing machine, pulled along by a specially boosted version of the DH Gipsy Six engine, the 200hp Gipsy Six 1F.
Only three M2 Hawk Speed Six aircraft were made, each one to a slightly different build standard, one M2E, one M2L, and one M2U. Despite the limited numbers they had a huge influence on European air racing. On 6th/7th September 1934, the occasion of the 14th King’s Cup Air Race around Britain, Luis Fontes, a fabulously rich young man of Brazilian antecedents who had only gained his private pilot’s licence on 29th May of that same year, lined up in G-ADGP. Amazingly, his sister Ruth Fontes was flying in G-ADOD, one of the other two Hawk Speed Six aircraft. Starting from Hatfield Aerodrome, the 1,000 mile race would pit the fastest machines available against time and the handicappers. Both machines had been fitted with flaps, a wide-track undercarriage and increased wing dihedral; however, Miss Fontes had the advantage as her Speed Six had been fitted with a high-compression Gipsy 6 R engine. G-ADGP was not very lucky in the 1934 King’s Cup, as the Gipsy Six engine lost oil pressure (due to a broken pipe), and Fontes had to make a forced landing near Easington, in County Durham. Damage included a bent propeller and a broken starboard undercarriage.
G-ADGP (and Fontes) later took part in the Grosvenor Challenge Cup at Leicester on 13th July, 1935 when he placed second, and won a prize of £20 for the fastest time on the course (not the fastest handicap time). Flight Lieutenant Tommy Rose, one of Britain’s most colourful air racers (he favoured spotted silk scarves!) came second in Golf Papa in the 1937 King’s Cup at a speed of 184 mph. The aircraft was painted in the customary ‘Miles cream’ finish at this point, and was carrying a racing number ‘8’ on the rudder.
An attempt was made to sell Golf Papa in May 1939, for the princely sum of £850 (that would have bought you a rather nice 3-bedroomed house back then!). Despite only having 150 hours on the airframe, there were no takers. In May, 1939, with war clouds gathering over Europe, Luis Fontes flew Golf Papa to a fourth place finish in the London – Isle of Man air race, and only two days later, it was the mount of Flight Lieutenant Rose once again, as he competed in the Manx Air Derby, putting up an average speed of 186mph. Just before hostilities broke out, the aircraft was readied for that year’s King’s Cup (due to be started from Elmdon, Leeds); preparations included the fitting of a new, lower-profile sliding canopy and a very fetching black and cream colour scheme (the one the aircraft can be seen in today). As can be imagined, the outbreak of the Second World War cancelled all private flying. G-ADGP would have made an excellent fast liaison aircraft for one of the RAF squadrons but, amazingly, the authorities in charge of impressing civilian machines missed their chance. It was stored, in a dismantled state, during WW2.
Sadly, after the war a new owner was needed, as Luis Fontes had lost his life ferrying a Vickers Wellington bomber, in 1940. Here is where Ronald Royal Paine enters the picture. He owned Golf Papa for nearly 18 years, and raced her in fierce tussles with the surviving Percival Vega Gull and other types in many King’s Cup and other contests. Ron, who I was privileged to know, was a consummate pilot, a winner of the Royal Aero Club’s Silver Medal, and a founder of Derby Airways (which became British Midland Airways, now BMI). He didn’t confine himself to just racing the Speed Six, however. For example, in June 1949, he flew a Miles Hawk Trainer III (a.k.a. a Miles Magister) in the Goodyear Race at Wolverhampton.
By 1971, G-ADGP was feeling her age somewhat, and a complete rebuild was successfully undertaken in Derby for her new owner, David Hood; the aircraft was now at almost M2U standard. Ron Paine undertook to buckle on his spurs one more time, and, starting at Booker Aerodrome on 15th July, 1972, was runner-up in that year’s Kings Cup!
Eventually, in 1999, she passed into the hands of the current owner, Roger Mills. The aircraft can still be seen at various vintage and veteran events around the country, and is shown here taxying out at the Great Vintage Flying Weekend, Hullavington, Wiltshire. The sound the racing Gipsy engine makes on take-off makes the hair on the nape of the neck stand up. Roger Mills is no stranger to speed, however, as he is a former British Airways Concorde captain.
Oh, and just one more snippet; this aircraft STILL owns the FAI (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale) Class C.16, 100km closed circuit record at 192.83 mph !
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